Frequently asked questions

1. For what and how to use various scientometric indicators?

Scientometric indicators are a quantitative characteristic of the productivity of a scientist, a group of scientists, a university, a country as a whole, a journal, etc.


There are a large number of scientometric indicators, the most famous are:

  • h-index (Hirsch index), i10 index – calculated for scientists, university departments, universities in general, journals;
  • impact factor – calculated for journals that are indexed by the scientometric database Web of Science and are included in the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index databases;
  • SJR, SNIP, CiteScore – scientometric indicators that are calculated for journals by the scientometric Scopus database.


All scientometric indicators differ in calculation formulas, but exist in order to be able to quantitatively assess the quality of science: publication, scientist, journal, etc. They are used to compile various ratings, assess the quality of work, award various prizes, grants, etc.

If we talk about the scientometric indicators of journals, then this allows to determine the level of quality and influence of a journal in the world, its readability and number of purchases, which in turn allows readers to choose which journal to read, which journals to subscribe to libraries, and to the authors of scientific publications in which journals to publish.

2. As a scientist, what can I place in the repositories?
3. How to determine quartiles of foreign peer-reviewed journals?
4. How to place a dissertation in the ProQuest Dissertation & Theses database?
5. How do I add my publications to ResearcherID and ORCID?
6. Why register with Google Scholar?
7. How to find out if a journal is indexed in the scientometric Scopus database (free version of the database)
8. How to find out if a journal is indexed in the scientometric Web of Science database (free version of the database)
9. How to make sure that research work published as part of a scientific event will be included in international science citation indices?
10. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Hirsch index and the impact factor, why am I forced to have them?
11. What is the ORCID ID and does the author of the scientific Higher Attestation Commission journal need it?
12. What is Bill's List? Where can I see it?
13. What types of peer-reviewed journals are?
14. How to correctly translate a surname into a foreign language if I want to submit an article to the Web of Science journal?



1. What is copyright?

Copyright (or author’s right) is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Works covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture, and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, and technical drawings.

2. What can be protected using copyright?
3. What rights does copyright give me? What are my rights as author of a work?
4. Can I register copyright?
5. What is a “work”?
6. What is the © symbol? Do I need to include it on my work? What is a “work”?
7. How long does copyright protection last?

Protecting your work

1. Can I protect my works internationally using copyright?

Firstly, copyright protection is automatic in all states party to the Berne Convention (refer to the question “Can I register copyright?”). Whilst there may be nuances to the particular national laws applicable in these states, in general there is a high degree of harmony. You can consult national laws and treaties using WIPO Lex.

When we consider states that are not party to the Berne Convention, you must remember that copyright laws are territorial. In other words, they apply within the country in which they were passed. As such, if you wish to protect your work internationally, you must research and make sure that you comply with the relevant legal requirements in the country(ies) in which you wish your work to be protected.


2. What does it mean to “license” my works and how can I do it?
3. Can I copyright my software or mobile app?
4. Is there a copyright registry/depositary?
5. My published work has been reproduced without my permission. What can I do?
6. How can I manage copyright-protected works? What are collective management organizations?
7. How can I find the copyright laws of various countries?

Using other people's work

1. Who owns the copyright to a work? If I create a work whilst in employment, who is the copyright holder?

The first owner of copyright to a work is generally the original creator or author of the work. There are, however, some exceptions to this rule. In some countries, for example, the economic rights to a copyright work initially rest with the person/organization employing the creator. In other countries the economic rights are deemed to be automatically assigned or transferred to the employer. Contact your national IP office to find out more about the particular national situation that interests you.

2. Do I need authorization to use a work protected by copyright?
3. How can I identify and get in touch with the copyright owner of a work?
4. What are limitations and exceptions to copyright?
5. What is “fair use”?
6. What is a work “in the public domain”?
7. Can I freely use works published on the Internet?
8. What are related or neighboring rights?

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